A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on the effect of intranasal corticosteroid as a treatment for moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea with coexisting chronic rhinitis
Kiat Ruxrungtham, Naricha Chirakalwasan*, Vorakamol Phoophiboon, ดิษฐพล มั่นธรรม
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; E-mail: [email protected]
Background: Chronic rhinitis is a common co-existing disease with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Current evidence on intranasal steroid efficacy as a treatment modality is scarce.
Objective: This study assessed the efficacy of intranasal steroid in moderate to severe OSA with coexisting chronic rhinitis.
Methods: A prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in non-2nd to 3rd degree obese, non-severe oropharyngeal obstruction, moderate to severe OSA with coexisting chronic rhinitis (total nasal symptom score (TNSS) ≥ 6, BMI < 30 kg/m2, modified Mallampati < 3). We randomized the patients to receive intranasal steroid (fluticasone furoate, 110 mcg/day) or placebo for one-month duration. The primary end point was the change in apnea hypopnea index (AHI).
Results: A total of 34 patients were randomly assigned to receive intranasal steroid (N = 18) or placebo (N = 16). The adjusted absolute difference mean change of AHI did not show significant difference (11.5 ± 7.9 events/hour [95%CI; -4.9 to 27.8; p = 0.16]). Interestingly, significant reduction in non-supine respiratory disturbance index (RDI) (56.1 ± 21.9 events/hour [95%CI; 18.9 to 93.2; p = 0.01]) was observed in intranasal steroid group. When comparison was made within group, only intranasal steroid group demonstrated significant reduction in AHI, RDI, NREM RDI, TNSS, and Thai Pittsburgh sleep quality index (p = 0.02, 0.02, 0.01, 0.003, and < 0.001; respectively) after receiving the drug.
Conclusion: In moderate to severe OSA patients with coexisting chronic rhinitis, intranasal steroid demonstrated significant reduction in obstructive respiratory events during non-supine sleep. Intranasal steroid may be considered as adjunctive or alternative to OSA treatment.
Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology ปี 2566, September ปีที่: 41 ฉบับที่ 3 หน้า 206-213
Chronic rhinitis, Obstructive sleep apnea, Intranasal corticosteroid, positional therapy, oral appliance