An effectiveness and economic analyses of tricalcium phosphate combined with iliac bone graft versus RhBMP-2 in single-level XLIF surgery in Thailand
Win Boonsirikamchai, Pochamana Phisalprapa, Chayanis Kositamongkol, เอกพจน์ ก่อวุฒิกูลรังษี, มนต์ชัย เรืองชัยนิคม, Werasak Sutipornpalangkul*
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Study design: Retrospective study.
Objectives: To perform effectiveness and economic analyses using data from a retrospective study of patients who underwent XLIF surgery using tricalcium phosphate combined with iliac bone graft (TCP+IBG) or BMP-2 in Thailand. Methods Data were collected from retrospective review of the medical charts and the spine registry of Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. The patients were divided into two groups (TCP+IBG group and BMP-2 group). Demographic, perioperative data, radiographic, clinical results, and quality of life related to health were collected and analyzed at 2-year follow-up. All economic data were collected during the perioperative period and presented as total charge, bone graft, implant/instrumentation, operative service, surgical supply, transfusion, medication, anesthesia, laboratory, and physical therapy.
Results: Twenty-five TCP+IBG and 30 BMP-2 patients with spondylolisthesis and spinal stenosis as primary diagnosis were included. There were no significant differences in all demographic parameters (gender, age, underlying disease, diagnosis, and level of spine) between these two groups. During the perioperative period, the TCP+IBG group had more mean blood loss and more postoperative complications compared to the BMP-2 group. At 2 years of follow-up, there were no significant differences between the radiographic and clinical outcomes of the TCP+IBG and BMP-2 groups. The fusion rate for TCP+IBG and BMP-2 at 2 years of follow-up was 80% and 96.7%, respectively, and no statistically significant differences were observed. All clinical outcomes (Utility, Oswestry Disability Index, and EuroQol Visual Analog Scale) at 2-year follow-up improved significantly compared to preoperative outcomes, but there were no significant differences between the TCP+IBG and BMP-2 groups, either at preoperatively or at 2-year follow-up. The total charge of TCP+IBG was statistically significantly lower than that of BMP-2. Furthermore, the charges of TCP+IBG and BMP-2 during the perioperative period in Thailand were up to three times less than those in the United States.
Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders ปี 2566, June ปีที่: 24 ฉบับที่ 503 หน้า 3-8