Long-Term Follow-Up of HIV-1–Infected Thai Patients Immunized with Remune Monotherapy
W. Sukeepaisarncharoen, V. Churdboonchart, S. Kulpradist, B. Isarangkura Na Ayudthya, S. Rugpao, V. Chandeying, W. Sirawaraporn, D. Carlo, R.B. Moss
Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Rama 6 Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10400
Purpose: The purpose of this 2-year follow-up study was to investigate the longterm effect of Remune as monotherapy for HIV-1 infection. Background: Participants previously enrolled in the phase II double-blind, randomized, adjuvantcontrolled study of the HIV-1 Immunogen (Remune) were followed for 2 years.Open-label immunization with Remune monotherapy was given to each participant every 12 weeks. Remune, a gp 120-depleted HIV-1 that was inactivated in betapropiolactone and irradiation, was emulsified with mineral oil (incomplete Freund’s adjuvant). Method: In Study 2101B, the effect of four doses of Remune given every 12 weeks over 40 weeks was compared to placebo in 297 asymptomatic type E HIV-infected patients [Churdboonchart et al., 2000]. A group of 17 volunteers were separated into a subset study and another 57 were excluded from analysis due to discontinuation or addition of other treatments. This 2-year follow-up study continued with open-label dosing of HIV-1 Immunogen every 12 weeks for the remaining 223 patients. Changes in CD4+ cells, CD8+ cells, and body weight were monitored at each patient visit. Results: Overall, immunizations were safe; common adverse events were tolerable injection site reactions. CD4+ T-cell counts remained stable over the 132-week observation period for this cohort with a slight increase of 36.01 cells/μL. CD8+ T-cell counts showed an increase from baseline during the follow-up period (415.21 cells/μL). Furthermore, we also observed an increase in body weight from baseline (1.08 kg) at week 132. In addition, baseline CD4 count appeared to predict CD4 count at week 132 (slope = 0.31, p < .0001). Conclusion: These results suggest that long-term treatment of HIV-1 infection with Remune monotherapy is safe and results in a stabilization of CD4+ counts. Furthermore, it is likely that HIV-1 therapeutic immunization may show its greatest clinical benefit in participants with higher CD4+ cell counts. Such an approach may have important ramifications in developing countries where access to antiviral drugs is limited and also in early chronic HIV-1 infection when CD4+ cells are still over 300 cells/μL in order to limit the cost and toxicity.
ปี 2544, September-October ปีที่: 2 ฉบับที่ 5 หน้า 391-398
Thailand, HIV-1 Immunogen, CD4, Remune