Quality of Life after Great Saphenous Vein Ablation in Thai Patients with Great Saphenous Vein Reflux
Boonying Siribumrungwong*, Pinit Noorit, Chumpon Wilasrusmee, ยศ ตีระวัฒนานนท์, Ammarin Thakkinstian
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University Hospital, Thammasat University, 95 Moo 8, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand

Background/Objective: To determine the quality of life (QoL) in Thais after intervention for great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux.

Methods: Patients with Clinical Etiologic Anatomic Pathophysiologic classes 2 and 3 were enrolled in this study. QoL was measured using the EuroQol descriptive system (EQ-5D) questionnaire, and patients chose to receive either endovenous treatment or surgery after consulting with their surgeons. The QoL before the intervention, at 1 week, and at 1 month after the intervention were evaluated. Patients who reported “no problem” in each domain of the EQ-5D questionnaire before and 1 month after the intervention were compared. Utility gain was estimated from the questionnaire and compared between clinical classes. The proportion of worsening QoL at 1 week after the intervention was compared between patients receiving endovenous procedures and surgery.

Results: A total of 83 patients—56 received endovenous procedures [23 received ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) and 33 received radiofrequency ablation (RFA)] and 27 received surgery—were enrolled. QoLs were significantly better in all domains after the intervention: pain/discomfort (58%), mobility (42%), anxiety/depression (38%), usual activities (19%), and self-care (9%). Utility gain was 0.255 (95% confidence interval: 0.197–0.313) and higher in class 3. At 1 week after the intervention, surgery had significantly higher patients with worse mobility scores. Among endovenous procedures, UGFS had higher patients with worse pain/discomfort scores than RFA at 1 week after the intervention (16% vs. 0%,p = 0.025).

Conclusion: GSV ablation for GSV reflux in Thai patients with CEAP C2 and C3 categories significantly improves both physical and mental QoL; patients who received endovenous procedures were found to have better early physical QoL.

Asian Journal of Surgery ปี 2559, November ปีที่: ฉบับที่ หน้า 1-6
endovenous procedures,  quality of life,  utility,  varicose vein