A comparative pilot study of the efficacy and safety of nebulized magnesium sulfate and intravenous magnesium sulfate in children with severe acute asthma
Tassalapa Daengsuwan*, Sureerat Watanatham
Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health, Thailand
Introduction: Severe asthma attacks are life-threatening, and require serious medical attention. Intravenous MgSO4 is an efficient medication, proven to improve outcomes. To date, most research has focused on administration of nebulized MgSO4 in adults with critical asthma. However, its benefits for treating childhood asthma has been little investigated. This study compared the clinical efficacy and adverse effects of nebulized MgSO4 and intravenous MgSO4 in the treatment of children with severe acute asthma.
Method: A prospective, open-label, randomized, controlled pilot study was conducted in children with severe asthma exacerbation admitted at the Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health. Twenty-eight patients were randomized to receive three intermittent doses of nebulized or intravenous MgSO4. The Modified Wood’s Clinical Asthma Score was determined prior to, and at 20, 40, 60, 120, 180 and 240 minutes after treatment administration. The length of hospital stay was also recorded.
Results: Fifteen patients received nebulized isotonic MgSO4 and 13 were administered intravenous MgSO4. There were no differences in the baseline characteristics of the two groups, including their initial asthma severity scores (4.87 ± 0.92 vs. 5.0 ±0.82; p = 0.69). No statistically significant differences between the two groups were identified at 60 minutes (2.47±0.83 vs. 2.77 ±0.93; p = 0.37) until 240 minutes. The length of hospital stay for both groups was also similar (4.0 ±1.2 vs. 4.54 ± 2.7; p = 0.51). No adverse effects from MgSO4 administration were observed among the participants.
Conclusions: In this small sample size we demonstrated that nebulized MgSO4 and intravenous MgSO4 are both clinically beneficial and safe for Thai children suffering from severe asthma exacerbation.
Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology ปี 2560, June ปีที่: 35 ฉบับที่ 2 หน้า 108-112
Asthma, Acute asthma, Nebulized magnesium sulfate, Intravenous magnesium sulfate, Isotonic magnesium sulfate