Effects of mindfulness-based health education practice on health behaviors and quality of life among hypertensive patients A quasi-experimental research
Pantip Sangprasert*, ศรีเมือง พลังฤทธิ์, Natima Tiyoa, Junya Pattaraarchachai
Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani, Thailand
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of mindfulness practice on health behaviors and quality of life (QOL) among hypertensive patients.
Design/methodology/approach – A quasi-experimental research was designed by before, after and a follow-up phase (i.e. on the 0th, 6th and 12th weeks). Two primary health care units (PCU) were selected as control and experiment groups. Samples included patients 35–59 years old who had been diagnosed with stage I hypertension. Both groups received treatment according to standard hypertension guidelines. The experimental group was added as a drill for the purpose of a mindfulness-based health education (MBHE) practice that would emphasize behavior skills (in diet, exercise and mental function) and instill a feeling of adaptation to everyday life.
Findings – The total mean score of the prevention and promotional hypertension behaviors (PPHB), QOL, perceived in mindfulness (MF) and self-efficacy (SE) in the experiment group showed a significant statistical difference when compared to the control group in the 6th week in PPHB and SE (p <0.001), QOL and MF (p = 0.001). Similar results were found in the 12th week in PPHB, QOL, SE (p <0.001) and MF (p= 0.023), respectively.
Research limitations/implications – However, finished implementation in experiment group, during the follow-up phase on the 12th week, ten participants in the control group were excluded (Figure 1). It may beno active intervention or as usual in the control group. Thus, the authors controlled missing data using intention-to-treat analysis comparison and the data distribution was successfully tested by a normality plot before the use of statistical data. Based on the results of this study, the following recommendations can be made: patients should practice in mindfulness in lifestyle modification continued for intensive skill practice over the long term in order to promote sustainability in behavior and in QOL.
Practical implications – Mindfulness trainer should drill and faith in the value of mindfulness corporation owner with patients learning all of the times; and for health practitioner, it should add MBHE for patients.
Social implications – Education institution should add mindfulness in educational programs all of graduates.
Originality/value – The mindfulness practice-based health education training should be in counterpart with modern medicine in order to promote sound health behaviors and an improved QOL for stage I hypertensive patients and to forestall cardiovascular and blood-pressure diseases.
วารสารวิทยาลัยวิทยาศาสตร์สาธารณสุข จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย ปี 2562, May ปีที่: 33 ฉบับที่ 3 หน้า 186-196
Quality of life, hypertension, Health behaviour, Health education, Mindfulness practice