Effect of exercise with the ball on blood pressure and functional performance in female hypertensive patients
Sarawut Janmoon, วนิดา ดรปัญหา, เสาวนีย์ นาคมะเร็ง, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth, ทวีศักดิ์ จรรยาเจริญ*
Research Center in Back, Neck, Other Joint Pain and Human Performance (BNOJPH), Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 Thailand; Email: taweesak@kku.ac.th
บทคัดย่อ
Background: Hypertension is a cause of premature death. One of the treatments for high blood pressure is regular exercise. In addition, it is a safe exercise, less injuries and can be easily implemented. Exercise with the ball is a very interesting type of exercise to apply for health promotion that believed to improve blood pressure and functional performance in hypertensive patients.
Objective: To determine the effects of exercise with the ball on blood pressure and functional performance in female hypertensive patients.
Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, female hypertensive patients (n = 20; average age 50.8  3.3 years) were randomly allocated into two groups. The experimental group performed exercise with the ball consisted of 55 minutes/time, 3 times a week for 6 weeks whereas the control group received education. Blood pressure measured by digital sphygmomanometers. Functional performance tests were assessed cardiovascular endurance measured by 6 minutes walk test, balance control, gait and lower extremity strength measured by timed up and go test, gait speed measured by 10-meter walk test and postural control measured by one leg stand test. Results were presented as means and standard deviations.
Results: At the end of the study, there were significantly differences between experimental and control group for systolic and diastolic blood pressure (P < 0.05), respectively. Functional performance in experimental group were improved for 6 minutes walk test (P < 0.05), time up and go test (P < 0.05), 10-meter walk test (P < 0.05) and one leg stand test (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: Exercise with the ball can reduce blood pressure levels and improve functional performance. These findings support the recommendations of exercise with the ball in hypertensive patients.
 
ที่มา
จุฬาลงกรณ์เวชสาร ปี 2563, October-December ปีที่: 64 ฉบับที่ 4 หน้า 395-402
คำสำคัญ
Hypertensive, Exercise with the ball, functional performance