Onlay Patellar Resurfacing in a Posterior-Stabilized Total Knee Arthroplasty Increases Patellar Crepitus Complication: A Randomized, Controlled Trial
สาธิต เที่ยงวิทยาพร*, Nattapol Sumranwanich, Natthapong Hongku, Pichai Sansawat
Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital, Navamindradhiraj University, Bangkok, Thailand
Background: Patellar crepitus (PC) is a potentially problematic complication after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) more commonly occurring with a posterior-stabilized (PS) prosthesis. Patellar resurfacing has been reported to reduce PC complications; however, no study has compared the PC complication rates between 2 different resurfacing techniques, namely inlay and onlay.
Methods: A prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the PC complication between inlay and onlay patellar resurfacing techniques. A total of 222 patients who underwent unilateral TKA using a Legion PS Total Knee System were randomized into 2 groups. PC incidence, time of PC presentation, radiographic parameters associated with PC development, and clinical outcomes were evaluated at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively.
Results: PC occurred significantly more in the onlay group (17.9% vs 6.5%, P = .009). Time of PC presentation in both groups was not different. Anterior knee pain was found in 11.5% of PC patients, and none required any surgical procedure. Postoperative radiographic parameters, range of motion, Knee Society score, Oxford score, patellar score, incidence and intensity of anterior knee pain, and visual analog scale of overall knee pain were not significantly different between the 2 groups during the follow-up period.
Conclusion: To reduce the chance of PC development, we suggest an inlay patellar resurfacing technique during PS-TKA with this knee system.
The Journal of Arthroplasty ปี 2564, October ปีที่: 36 ฉบับที่ 10 หน้า 3443-3450
Total knee arthroplasty, patellar crepitus, inlay patellar resurfacing, onlay patellar resurfacing, posterior-stabilized prosthesis