Cost Assessment of Initial Radiological Modalities for Evaluation of Adult Patient with Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria at Thammasat University Hospital
Kaan Tangtiang*, Gritsana Laopiyatassanee, Wanrudee Lohitvisate, Teerayut Tangpaitoon
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand; Tel. +66 2926 9091 Email:
Introduction: Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria (AMH) is highly prevalent. There is controversy regarding the radiologic evaluation in the patient with AMH. The choice of diagnostic evaluation for patient with AMH has broad clinical and economic implication. As of now, no study aims to determine worthiness of each radiologic evaluation.
Objective: To estimate the capability and cost per positive unit for abnormality detection of 5 radiologic evaluations in patient with AMH.
Methods: The detection rate of four diagnostic approaches (Plain KUB radiography, intravenous pyelography (IVP), ultrasound (US) and, unenhanced computed tomography) were evaluated and compared to the reference enhance computed tomography (CT). Cost per positive unit was determined by number of abnormality detection in all 5 radiological evaluations.
Results: The KUB US has highest detection rate (51.2%). When comparing others radiologic evaluation with enhanced CT, there is no significant difference on their performance in lesion detection. In male patients, US has least cost per positive unit (1,050 Baths) and highest detection rate (66.7%). While plain KUB radiography has least cost per positive unit (440 Baths) in female patients with detection rate between plain KUB radiography and US are very close (28.3% to 37.8%).
Conclusions: IVP is not a suitable initial investigation for AMH, according to its low detection rate and high cost per positive unit. US is the most useful tool in KUB abnormality detection. Plain KUB radiography has the lowest cost per positive unit in our study.
Asian Medical Journal and Alternative Medicine ปี 2565, January-April ปีที่: 22 ฉบับที่ 1 หน้า 25-32
Asymptomatic microscopic hematutia, Radiological evaluations, Cost wound